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John Bell Hood

Date of Birth:      June 1, 1831
Hometown:         Owingsville, KY
Education:           West Point, 1853
Final Wartime Rank:    Lieutenant General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     August 30, 1879
Place of Death:    New Orleans, LA
Buried At:           New Orleans, LA

Major Battles:        Peninsula Campaign, Second Manassas, Antietam Campaign, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Atlanta Campaign, Franklin, Nashville

Interesting Fact(s):    Hood, would become one of the most controversial figures, during the Civil War.  He would graduate from West Point, in 1853, and would serve with the regular army, in California, and Texas.  He would resign from the regular army, in April 1861, as a first lieutenant - with little indication of what would become a spectacular ascent in the Confederate Army.  He would be promoted brigadier general, in March, 1862, at 30 years of age.  Hood would go on to distinguish himself, in many fields of battle, as a brigade, and division commander, in the Army of Northern Virginia.  In October, 1862, he would receive promotion to major general, and would command a division in James Longstreet's 1st Corps.  His division would continue to distinguish itself at Antietam and Fredericksburg.  At Gettysburg, Hood's division would lead Longstreet's assault, on the Federal left, on July 2.  This assault would become famous, as it took place in some of the most well known areas: the Wheat Field, Devil's Den and the Round Tops.  During this attack, Hood would be severely injured and would lose his arm.  Later in the year, his division would push across the Lafayette Road, as part of Longstreet's shock attack, at Chickamauga.  Breaking through the Union lines, this attack would ensure Confederate victory and push the Union troops, into a disorganized retreat to Chattanooga.  In early 1864, Hood would be promoted to lieutenant general and would be assigned a corps in Joseph Johnston's army, defending northern Georgia.  He would take over command, of Johnston's army, as William T. Sherman's army continued to push the Confederates towards Atlanta.  Upon the fall, of Atlanta, Hood would sacrifice Georgia, to Sherman, and push into Tennessee.  He would face a worthy opponent, at Spring Hill, in John Schofield, and would be thrashed at the Battle of Franklin, losing many of his senior commanders, including Patrick Cleburne.  Hood's Army of the Tennessee, would be shattered, to the point of no return, by George Thomas, at the Battle of Nashville.  While he had received the temporary rank, of full general, he would revert to lieutenant general, in early 1865.  In May 1865, he would surrender, in Mississippi.  He would make his permanent residence in New Orleans, where he would die from yellow fever, in 1879.

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