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Joseph E. Johnston

Date of Birth:      February 3, 1807
Hometown:         Farmville, VA
Education:           West Point, 1829
Final Wartime Rank:    General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     March 21, 1891
Place of Death:    Washington, DC
Buried At:           Baltimore, MD

Major Battles:        First Manassas, Peninsula Campaign, Second Battle of Jackson, Atlanta Campaign, Carolinas Campaign

Interesting Fact(s):    Johnston, a classmate of Robert E. Lee, at West Point, would serve gallantly in the Seminole, and Mexican Wars, where he was wounded, and brevetted, several times.  He was appointed quartermaster general, with the rank of brigadier, in June, 1860.  He would resign in April, after Virginia seceded.  He was quickly appointed brigadier general, in the Confederate Army, and placed in command of Harpers Ferry, and the troops there.  With the growing likelihood, that the U.S. Army would attack P.G.T. Beauregard, at Manassas, Johnston would bring his army, via train, from the Shenandoah Valley.  They would arrive in time, to save the day, catapulting one of his young brigadiers, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, to celebrity status.  Johnston would be promoted, full general, for his actions at Bull Run, and placed in command of the Army of Northern Virginia.  In the spring, of 1862, he would defend Richmond, against the incursion of George McClellan's Army of the Potomac, on the Virginia peninsula.  He would be seriously wounded, at Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), and incapacitated.  Robert E. Lee would be placed in charge of the army, that he would lead through the end of its formal existence.  Upon his recovery, Johnston would be transferred to the command of the Department of the West.  His service there would be plagued with controversy, first, for not making strong efforts to relieve John Pemberton, at Vicksburg, and then for his withdrawal, from northern Georgia, during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.  He would be replaced, by John Bell Hood, and would see no further action, until he was sent to North Carolina, to oppose Sherman's march, to unite with U.S. Grant.  Johnston would capitulate, to Sherman, and end the majority of the organized fighting, of the Civil War.  His public life not over, Johnston would serve a term in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing the state of Virginia.  Johnston would be a pall bearer, in his once adversary, and now friend William T. Sherman's, funeral.  He walked bare headed, on a cold winter day, claiming that Sherman would do the same for him.  He would contract a severe cold, after the funeral and die shortly thereafter.

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