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Richard S. Ewell

Date of Birth:      February 8, 1817
Hometown:         Washington, DC
Education:           West Point, 1840
Final Wartime Rank:    Lieutenant General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     January 25, 1872
Place of Death:    Spring Hill, TN
Buried At:           Nashville, TN

Major Battles:        First Manassas, Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign, Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Chancellorsville, Second Winchester, Gettysburg, Overland Campaign, Sayler's Creek

Interesting Fact(s):    After graduating from West Point, in 1840, Ewell would spend his entire antebellum career in the southwest.  He would earn brevets for courage and gallantry.  During the secession crisis, Ewell would resign from the Federal Army, in May of 1861.  On June 17, 1861 he would be appointed brigadier general in the Confederate army.  Ewell's advancement in the C.S.A. would be rapid - becoming a lieutenant general in May, 1863 - replacing Thomas Jackson, as commander of the 2nd Corps.  He would lead his troops, through all the major battles, in the east, and would lose one of his legs, during the fighting at Brawner's Farm - the opening battle of Second Manassas.  Ewell would be criticized for his interpretation of Lee's orders, on the first night of Gettysburg.  This order allowed him discretion, in taking Culp's Hill - the north end of the Union "fish hook," at Gettysburg.  He would not aggressively push his troops against Culp's Hill, a devastating set back for the Confederate army, at Gettysburg.  Ewell would be captured, at the battle of Sayler's Creek, during the retreat from Petersburg.  After the war, he would reside in Spring Hill, TN until his death.

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